تبلیغات
خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک - essential words for the TOEFL(lesson 1)

خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک

دایره المعارف برق(اطلاعات عمومی برق)

LESSON 1

abroad abrupt acceptable acclaim actually adverse advice attractive autonomous disapproval disruptive haphazardly ideal persistent wide

abroad adv. to or in another country

Syn. overseas, internationally Louis Armstrong often traveled abroad. Living abroad can be an educational experience.

abrupt adj. quick, without warning adv. abruptly Syn. sudden

n. abruptness

There was an abrupt change in the weather. After the incident everyone left abruptly.

acceptable adj. allowable or satisfactory

v. accept Syn. permissible adv. acceptably

n. acceptability adj. accepting

The idea was acceptable to everyone.
The registrar accepted more applicants than he should have.

acclaim n. enthusiastic approval, applause adj. acclaimed Syn. praise

n. acclamation

Isaac Stem has won acclaim abroad. Acclaimed authors often win Pulitzer Prizes.

actually adv. being in existence, real or factual adj. actual Syn. truly They were actually very good soccer players.
The actual time allotted to complete the test is two hours.

adverse adj. displeasing, objectionable, or bad adv. adversely Syn. unfavorable

n. adversity

n. adversary

Adverse weather conditions made it difficult to play the game. His indecision adversely affected his job performance.

advice n. a recommendation given by someone not

v. advise associated with the problem or situation adj. advisable Syn. suggestion

n. advisability

Good advice is hard to find.
It is not advisable to stay up late the night before a test.

attractiveadj. calling attention to, pleasing, creating interest,

v. attract pretty

n. attraction Syn. appealing

n. attractiveness adv. attractively

The idea of working four, 10-hour work days was attractive to the employees. The major attraction of the show was a speech by the president.

ideal adj. having no flaw or mistake, excellent adv. ideally Syn. perfect

n. ideal

The beach is an ideal place to relax.
Candidates for the job should ideally have five years experience in similar positions.

persistentadj. continuous, refusing to give up, firm in action or decision

v. persist n. persistence adv. persistently Syn. constant The attorney's persistent questioning weakened the witness. Her persistence earned her a spot on the team.

wide adj. extending over a large area adv. widely Syn. broad

n. wideness

Pine forests are found over a wide area of the Pacific Northwest. The senator has traveled wide1y.

autonomous adj. by itself, with no association adv. autonomously Syn. independent Mexico became an autonomous state in 1817. Although working closely with the government, all businesses function autonomously.

disapprovaln. the act of disagreeing, not giving approval

v. disapprove adv. disapprovingly Syn. objection Their disapproval of the plan caused the experiment to be abandoned. The students disapproved of the plan of study.

disruptive adj. causing confusion and interruption

v. disrupt Syn. disturbing

n. disruption adv. disruptively

Frequent questions during lectures can be disruptive. The storm caused a disruption in bus service.

haphazardly adv. having no order or pattern, by chance adj. haphazard Syn. arbitrarily, carelessly

n. haphazardness

It was obvious that the house was built haphazardly. Susan completed the assignment in a haphazard way.

MATCHING

Choose the synonym.

1. widely

(A) broadly

(B) abroad

(C) secretly

(D) truly

2. autonomous

(A) independent

(B) sudden

(C) international

(D) abrupt

3. advice

(A) acclaim

(B) attention

(C) suggestion

(D) praise

4. attractive

(A) appealing

(B) adverse

(C) arbitrary

(D) perfect

5. disapproval

(A) attraction

(B) attention

(C) objection

(D) persistence

6. haphazardly

(A) suddenly

(B) secretly

(C) carelessly

(D) constantly

7. constant

(A) disruption

(B) acceptable

(C) abrupt

(D) persistent

8. perfect

(A) attractive

(B) ideal

(C) actual

(D) abrupt

9. unfavorably

(A) attractively

(B) haphazardly

(C) acceptably

(D) adversely

10. disturbing

(A) perfect

(B) disruptive

(C) persistent

(D) attractive

TEST QUESTIONS

Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.

1. As a government official, Benjamin Franklin often traveled abroad.

(A) widely

(B) secretly

(C) alone

(D) overseas

2. American poet James Merrily received critical acclaim for his work entitled Jim's Book.

(A) advice

(B) disapproval

(C) praise

(D) attention

3. A revolution in women's fashion during the second half of the twentieth century made trousers acceptable for almost all activities.

(A) available

(B) permissible

(C) attractive

(D) ideal

4. No fan, electric or otherwise, actually cools the air.

(A) truly

(B) haphazardly

(C) persistently

(D) continuously

5. The climate of Chicago is subject to abrupt changes of weather.

(A) sudden

(B) extreme

(C) adverse

(D) disruptive


abroad:پهن.گسترش یافته.خارج از کشور.ممالک بیگانه

abrupt:ناگهانی.بدونه تشریفات

acceptable:پذیرا.پذیرفتنی.پسندیده.مقبول.

acclaim:تحسین.ادعاکردن.آفرین گفتن.جارکشیدن.کف زدن

actually:وقعا.عملا.در حقیقت

adverse:مخالف.مغایر.ناسازگار.روبرو

advice:ابلاغیه.اندرز.رایزنی.مشورت.عقیده.مصلحت

attractive:کشنده.جالب.جاذب.دلربا.فریبنده

autonomous:خودمختار.دارای حکومت مستقل.دارای زندگی مستقل.خودپیرو

disapproval:عدم رضایت.عدم تصویب

disruptive:درهمگسیخته.نفاق افکن

haphazardly:اتفاقی.برحسب تصادف

ideal:ایده آل.نمونه کامل فرضی.هدف زندگی.

persistent:پایدار.دیرپای.ماندگار.مصر.پایا

wide:پهن.پهناور.عریض.گشاد.نامحدود

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