دایره المعارف برق(اطلاعات عمومی برق)
absurd. abuse . allocation . balanced . conservation . fallacious . feasible . lack . limber . means . narrow . preconception . robust . steady . swift
absurdadj. clearly false, without reason adv. absurdly Syn. ridiculous
n. absurdityConfidentially, I think his suggestion is absurd. They are absurdly irrational about the issue.
abusen. the act of using or treating things in an adv. abusively incorrect way adj. abusive
v. abuseSyn. misuse The constant abuse of the environment will have grave consequences in the future. He received an abusive letter from an irate citizen.
allocationn. a share; a part set aside for a special adj. allocated purpose; an assignment of portions
v. allocateSyn. distribution His allocation of materials was gradually used up. Allocating office space in the building was a difficult task.
balancedadj. a state where everything is of the same
v. balancesize or weight; an element on one side
n. balancethat counters an equal element on the other
Syn. equalized He made a balanced presentation of both points of view. The museum contains a pleasant balance of paintings from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
conservationn. the act of using carefully; setting aside
v. conservefor future use
n. conservative* * favoring traditional values
n. conservatism* Syn. preservation Conservation of forest land is the primary objective of the National Forest Service. The Republican party is generally known to be more conservative than the Democratic party.
fallaciousadj. having errors adv. fallaciously Syn. incorrect
Her fallacious argument could not be defended. It is a fallacy to think that money will bring you happiness.
feasibleadj. able to be done adv. feasibly Syn. possible
It is a feasible design for the high-rise building.Before they begin the project, a study must be done of its feasibility.
lackn. a need for; an insufficient amount
v. lackSyn. shortage There was an inordinate lack of rain last fall. The mathematician lacked communication skills.
limberadj. to be stretched, easily shaped
Syn. flexible The dancer has a limber body. She was able to make the limber movements that are required of gymnasts.
Syn. methods He was told to finish the joy by any means available to him. The most convenient means of communicating with someone is by phone.
narrowadj. small from one side to the other; limited adv. narrowly Syn. thin
The canal was extremely narrow.
The driver narrowly escaped injury when his car went off the road.
preconceptionn. an opinion formed in advance without adj. preconceived experience or knowledge of something
v. preconceiveSyn. bias It is difficult to overcome preconceptions if we are not open to new ideas. His preconceived notions about Los Angeles disappeared after he visited the city.
robustadj. showing good health; in good shape adv. robustly Syn. energetic
The robust economy is expected to continue growing quickly. The new product is selling robustly.
steadyadj. firm; in a fixed position; without change; adv. steadily reliable, dependable
n. steadinessSyn. constant Steady growth is projected for companies involved in genetic engineering. The secretary has steadily earned respect for her work.
swiftadj. quick adv. swiftly Syn. fast
The contestants were swift thinkers.
They swiftly agreed with the conclusion of the report.
Choose the synonym.
1. Preconception 6. Distribution
(A) Expansion (A) Shortage
(B) Bias (B) Allocation
(C) Function (C) Methods
(D) Disapproval (D) Disapproval
2. Steady 7. Fallacious
(A) Constant (A) Inordinate
(B) Ample (B) Incorrect
(C) Arid (C) Unwarranted
(D) Nominal (D) Inevitable
3. Robust 8. Conservation
(A) Energetic (A) Preservation
(B) Flexible (B) Exportation
(C) Narrow (C) Agitation
(D) Ridiculous (D) Documentation
4. Fast 9. Feasible
(A) Swift (A) Absurd
(B) Spacious (B) Possible
(C) Intrinsic (C) Limber
(D) Vital (D) Selective
5. Balanced 10. Abuse
(A) Rigid (A) Involve
(B) Documented (B) Agitate
(C) Fundamental (C) Misuse
(D) Equalized (D) Disperse
Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.
1. In a television receiver, a narrow beam of electrons bombards the back of a screen in a scanning motion.
2. There are many means of converting mechanical energy into thermal energy.
3. Many delegates to the First Continental Congress felt that it would have been absurd not to give a forceful response to England's closing of the port of Boston.
4. Gymnasts perform athletic feats that requite a well-toned, limber body.
5. The lack of water has been a major factor in industrial growth.