تبلیغات
خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک - 1626 lesson 18

خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک

دایره المعارف برق(اطلاعات عمومی برق)

absurd . abuse . allocation . balanced . conservation . fallacious . feasible . lack . limber . means . narrow . preconception . robust . steady . swift

absurd adj. clearly false, without reason adv. absurdly Syn. ridiculous

n. absurdity Confidentially, I think his suggestion is absurd. They are absurdly irrational about the issue.

abuse n. the act of using or treating things in an adv. abusively incorrect way adj. abusive

v. abuse Syn. misuse The constant abuse of the environment will have grave consequences in the future. He received an abusive letter from an irate citizen.

allocation n. a share; a part set aside for a special adj. allocated purpose; an assignment of portions

v. allocate Syn. distribution His allocation of materials was gradually used up. Allocating office space in the building was a difficult task.

balanced adj. a state where everything is of the same

v. balance size or weight; an element on one side

n. balance that counters an equal element on the other

Syn. equalized He made a balanced presentation of both points of view. The museum contains a pleasant balance of paintings from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.

conservation n. the act of using carefully; setting aside

v. conserve for future use

n. conservative* * favoring traditional values

n. conservationist

n. conservatism* Syn. preservation Conservation of forest land is the primary objective of the National Forest Service. The Republican party is generally known to be more conservative than the Democratic party.

fallacious adj. having errors adv. fallaciously Syn. incorrect

n. fallacy

Her fallacious argument could not be defended. It is a fallacy to think that money will bring you happiness.

feasible adj. able to be done adv. feasibly Syn. possible

n. feasibility

It is a feasible design for the high-rise building.Before they begin the project, a study must be done of its feasibility.

lack n. a need for; an insufficient amount

v. lack Syn. shortage There was an inordinate lack of rain last fall. The mathematician lacked communication skills.

limber adj. to be stretched, easily shaped

Syn. flexible The dancer has a limber body. She was able to make the limber movements that are required of gymnasts.

means n. ways

Syn. methods He was told to finish the joy by any means available to him. The most convenient means of communicating with someone is by phone.

narrow adj. small from one side to the other; limited adv. narrowly Syn. thin

n. narrowness

The canal was extremely narrow.
The driver narrowly escaped injury when his car went off the road.

preconception n. an opinion formed in advance without adj. preconceived experience or knowledge of something

v. preconceive Syn. bias It is difficult to overcome preconceptions if we are not open to new ideas. His preconceived notions about Los Angeles disappeared after he visited the city.

robust adj. showing good health; in good shape adv. robustly Syn. energetic

n. robustness

The robust economy is expected to continue growing quickly. The new product is selling robustly.

steady adj. firm; in a fixed position; without change; adv. steadily reliable, dependable

v. steady

n. steadiness Syn. constant Steady growth is projected for companies involved in genetic engineering. The secretary has steadily earned respect for her work.

swift adj. quick adv. swiftly Syn. fast

n. swiftness

The contestants were swift thinkers.
They swiftly agreed with the conclusion of the report.

MATCHING

Choose the synonym.

1. Preconception 6. Distribution

(A) Expansion (A) Shortage

(B) Bias (B) Allocation

(C) Function (C) Methods

(D) Disapproval (D) Disapproval

2. Steady 7. Fallacious

(A) Constant (A) Inordinate

(B) Ample (B) Incorrect

(C) Arid (C) Unwarranted

(D) Nominal (D) Inevitable

3. Robust 8. Conservation

(A) Energetic (A) Preservation

(B) Flexible (B) Exportation

(C) Narrow (C) Agitation

(D) Ridiculous (D) Documentation

4. Fast 9. Feasible

(A) Swift (A) Absurd

(B) Spacious (B) Possible

(C) Intrinsic (C) Limber

(D) Vital (D) Selective

5. Balanced 10. Abuse

(A) Rigid (A) Involve

(B) Documented (B) Agitate

(C) Fundamental (C) Misuse

(D) Equalized (D) Disperse

TEST QUESTIONS

Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.

1. In a television receiver, a narrow beam of electrons bombards the back of a screen in a scanning motion.

(A) Steady

(B)Balanced

(C)Thin (D)Negative

2. There are many means of converting mechanical energy into thermal energy.

(A) Descriptions

(B)Methods

(C)Theories (D)Benefits

3. Many delegates to the First Continental Congress felt that it would have been absurd not to give a forceful response to England's closing of the port of Boston.

(A) Ridiculous

(B)Difficult

(C)Feasible (D)Incorrect

4. Gymnasts perform athletic feats that requite a well-toned, limber body.

(A) Flexible

(B)Slender

(C)Tiny (D)Strong

5. The lack of water has been a major factor in industrial growth.

(A) Use

(B)Abuse

(C)Shortage (D)Distribution

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