تبلیغات
خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک - 1634 lesson 26

خواندنی ها+برق، قدرت، کنترل، الکترونیک، مخابرات، کامپیوتر، مهندسی پزشکی، ابزار دقیق، الکتروتکنیک، هوش مصنوعی، آی تیIT(فناوری اطلاعات)، مکاترونیک، رباتیک، فتونیک، فیزیک

دایره المعارف برق(اطلاعات عمومی برق)

. chaotic . characteristic . controversial . exemplify . gratifying . interpret . launch . legitimate . particular . radiant . ridge . span . spontaneous . stream . striking

 

chaotic adj. being in complete disorder and confusion

 

n. chaos Syn. disorganized The traffic in Seoul is often chaotic. There was complete chaos when the world champions arrived at the airport.

 

characteristic adj. an easily recognized quality of something adv. characteristically Syn. typical

 

v. characterize

n. characteristic

n. characterization The markings on that butterfly are characteristic of the monarch butterfly. I would characterize him as a diligent professional.

 

controversial adj. something that causes disagreement or

 

v. controversially argument.

 

n. controversy Syn. debatable The governor made a controversial decision to raise taxes. The controversy was caused by the proposal to build an airport in the area.

 

exemplify v. to give an example adj. exemplary Syn. symbolize The recent downturn in the housing industry exemplifies the poor economic conditions. Her exemplary academic achievement is representative of most students at this institution.

 

gratifying adj. giving pleasure or a feeling of adv. gratefully accomplishment; showing thanks adj. grateful

v. gratify Syn. satisfying

 

n. gratification

n. gratefulness Studying abroad can be a very gratifying experience. She was grateful for all the work he had done for her.

 

interpret v. to understand the meaning of something

 

n. interpreter Syn. clarify

 

n. interpretation

v. interpreting

 

The ambiguous speech was very difficult to interpret.
Their interpretation of the story generated some interesting discussion.

launchv. to cause something to begin

n. launchSyn. initiate

 

n. launching

 

The company launched a new program to attract more clients.
The launching of the first Soviet satellite, Sputnik, created concern among the
American public.

 

legitimate adj. reasonable, lawful adv. legitimately Syn. authentic

 

n. legitimacy

 

The engineer had a legitimate reason for changing the design of the building. The legitimacy of the theory has yet to be determined.

 

particular adj. a certain way or thing; unusual; hard to please adv. particularly* * especially

Syn. specific The speaker has a particular way of persuading his audience. That group of workers is particularly difficult to satisfy.

 

radiant adj. sending out in all directions, especially adv. radiantly heat or light

 

n. radiance Syn. bright

 

n. radiation

n. radiator

 

The actor's radiant smile captivated the audience.
The radiance of the fire prevented the firefighters from entering the house.

ridgen. the top of a mountain range; a raised part of any surface Syn. crest

A bald eagle stood on the ridge of the tall office building. The mountain ridge was heavily forested.

spanv. the length of time or distance from one

n. span limit to the other; to cross

 

Syn. cover The old man's life spanned two centuries. The span of the bridge is three miles.

 

spontaneous adj. unplanned; uncontrolled adv. spontaneously Syn. instinctive

 

n. spontaneity

 

The spontaneous combustion inside the cylinder creates the power of the motor. The crowd reacted spontaneously to the danger.

 

stream n. a natural flow of something; a pouring out

 

v. stream Syn. river There was a constant stream of information coming from the White House. Water streamed from the dam as workers attempted to make the repairs.

 

striking adj. drawing special attention to adv. strikingly Syn. remarkableHis striking proposal saved the company from bankruptcy.
That was a strikingly convincing argument that the speaker delivered.

MATCHING

Choose the synonym.

1. gratifying

6. symbolize

(A) spontaneous

(A) radiate

(B) thriving

(B) exemplify

(C) satisfying

(C) span

(D)analogous

(D) synthesize

2. disorganized

7. legitimate

(A) disrupted

(A) peculiar

(B) chaotic

(B) authentic

(C) instinctive

(C) sharp

(D)discernible

(D) subsequent

3. controversial

8. ridge

(A) conventional

(A) crest

(B) intolerable

(B) current

(C) consistent

(C) stream

(D)debatable

(D) radiance

4. launch

9. interpret

(A) initiate

(A) specify

(B) isolate

(B) investigate

(C) compel

(C) clarify

(D)stream

(D) initiate

5. typical

10. radiant

(A) practical

(A) covered

(B) parallel

(B) bright

(C) characteristic

(C) potent

(D)mediocre

(D) tedious

Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined word or phrase.

1. Streams were always a problem for stagecoach drivers.

(A) rivers

(B)storms

(C)ridges (D)bandits

2. Quebec is a striking example of the challenges produced when two diverse groups of people live together.

(A) controversial

(B)characteristic

(C)legitimate (D)remarkable

3. Crowd behavior is characterized as a spontaneous collective reaction to a publicly observed event.

(A) a chaotic

(B) a gratifying

(C) an instinctive (D)an uninterrupted

4. Some languages do not contain separate words for particular colors.

(A) all

(B)radiant

(C)uncommon (D)specific

5. Joseph Haydn was undoubtedly the most prolific of all symphony writers, and his works spanned what has been called the Classical era.

(A) exemplified

(B)covered

(C)launched (D)interpreted

 

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